Lentigines or Melasma are defined as skin lesions that are brown in color, larger than spots and vaguely outlined in shape. The term chloasma is often used to describe melasma. It is an acquired hyperpigmentation of the skin and is mainly caused by chronic and cumulative exposure to the sun. They are very common skin lesions and are most pronounced in women with darker skin.
Lentigines can be easily diagnosed, even with an experienced naked eye, because of the characteristic brown spots that appear on the face. For the effective treatment of spots, it is recommended to identify the cause that led to their appearance in the first place be determined, so that they can be treated appropriately.
The term Age Spots is used to describe benign skin pigmentary lesions, light or dark, which appear gradually in older people and are usually the result of normal or premature skin ageing due to modern lifestyles, especially chronic sun exposure. They appear on areas such as the face, hands and décolleté and tend to proliferate and increase in size, initially not exceeding 2-3 cm.
Over the years, normal ageing of the skin occurs, which can be accelerated when the person has been exposed to sunlight (photo-ageing). Signs of both normal ageing and photo-ageing include thinning of the skin, spider veins, haemangiomas, lesions and the appearance of spots, known as ‘age spots’.