Lentigines - Liver Spots

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What are Lentigines - Liver Spots

The terms spots or lentigines are practically used in everyday clinical practice, without distinction, in order to describe the same lesions, whereas when they occur in people over 60 years of age, they are often called age spots.

Fractional Laser Treatment

Treatment Duration 20-45 minutes
Result Appears 10 days after treatment – Final results after completing a set of sessions
Results Duration Permanently
Cost Starts at 89 euros
Technique Non-invasive treatment
Doctor’s Specialty Aesthetician, Dermatologist
Pain Level Painless
Anaesthesia Local anesthetic cream
Recovery Time Face redness for the first hours after treatment
Consultation Appointment Free of charge

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Lentigines – Liver Spots

Liver Spots

Lentigines or Melasma are defined as skin lesions that are brown in color, larger than spots and vaguely outlined in shape. The term chloasma is often used to describe melasma. It is an acquired hyperpigmentation of the skin and is mainly caused by chronic and cumulative exposure to the sun. They are very common skin lesions and are most pronounced in women with darker skin.

Lentigines can be easily diagnosed, even with an experienced naked eye, because of the characteristic brown spots that appear on the face. For the effective treatment of spots, it is recommended to identify the cause that led to their appearance in the first place be determined, so that they can be treated appropriately.

The term Age Spots is used to describe benign skin pigmentary lesions, light or dark, which appear gradually in older people and are usually the result of normal or premature skin ageing due to modern lifestyles, especially chronic sun exposure. They appear on areas such as the face, hands and décolleté and tend to proliferate and increase in size, initially not exceeding 2-3 cm.

Over the years, normal ageing of the skin occurs, which can be accelerated when the person has been exposed to sunlight (photo-ageing). Signs of both normal ageing and photo-ageing include thinning of the skin, spider veins, haemangiomas, lesions and the appearance of spots, known as ‘age spots’.

Lentigines – Liver Spots


  • Epidermal

    The lesion is confined to the surface of the skin and has a brown coloring. It is due to excess melanin in the superficial layers of the skin. It shows a fairly good response to treatment.

  • Cutaneous

    The lesion is very deep, with indistinct borders and almost black in color. It is characterized by the presence of melanophages – cells that ‘eat’ melanin – in the skin. It has a relatively good response to treatment.

  • Mixed

    The lesion is of intermediate depth, with fuzzy borders and dark brown coloring. It is a combination of the epidermal and cutaneous types. The mixed type is more difficult to treat.

  • Unspecified type

    Has a higher incidence in darker skin.

Lentigines – Liver Spots


Daily exposure of the face to intense sunlight, regardless of the season, is the main factor for the appearance of lentigines. Lentigines on the body are mainly formed in summer with the obvious cause being increased melanin production.

Also, in women who are genetically predisposed, the appearance of lentigines may be accelerated due to hormonal problems, such as polycystic ovaries, or due to the use of contraceptives. Often, lentigines occur due to an inherited predisposition or due to genetic factors.

Lentigines can be easily diagnosed, even with an experienced naked eye, because of the characteristic brown spots that appear on the face. For effective treatment of lentigines, it is recommended to first determine the exact cause that caused their appearance in the first place, so that they can be treated appropriately.

  • Poor diet
  • Skin infections
  • Liver problems
  • Dehydration of the skin
  • Burns
  • Stress
  • Smoking and alcohol
  • Use of perfumed cosmetics

Lentigines – Liver Spots


  • Spots caused by the sun

  • Spots due to hormonal changes

  • Spots due to ageing

  • Spots due to cosmetic or pharmaceutical products

Lentigines – Liver Spots


For the proper treatment of Lentigines – Liver Spots, the skin must first be properly checked to confirm the cause. Furthermore, the reason for their appearance must be understood, so that other, more serious causes can be excluded. A qualified Dermatologist is able to make a correct diagnosis and propose an appropriate treatment for the treatment and elimination of Lentigines – Liver Spots.

Lentigines – Liver Spots

Treatment with CO2 Fractional Laser

The most common and effective method of treating lentigines is CO2 Fractional Laser. This method is extremely safe and gives visible results in just a few sessions. With the CO2 Fractional Laser, we can intervene locally, in very small areas of the skin and achieve deep penetration. This avoids the effect of the laser on the areas that do not require treatment. Essentially, the laser targets a very specific spot and emits a precise dose of light energy, aiming to eliminate hyperpigmented areas. After treatment there may be mild irritation in the area, which disappears on its own after 1-2 days.

Fractional Laser CO2 is extremely safe and gives visible results in just a few sessions.

  • Safety

    Treatment by qualified dermatologists

  • Detail

    Local intervention on very small areas of the skin

  • Immediate Action

    Immediate result within a few sessions