Androgenetic Alopecia

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Androgenetic Alopecia, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

What is Androgenetic Alopecia

Androgenetic alopecia, also known as male pattern alopecia, is the most common type of hair loss in both men and women. It is estimated that about half of men at age 50 will have some form of androgenetic alopecia.

It is a form of alopecia that results from a combination of genetic and hormonal factors that cause hair follicles to shrink, shorten the hair life cycle and produce weaker and thinner hair.

  • Autologous mesotherapy PRP, minoxidil and antiandrogens are the 3 main treatments for men

  • In women antiandrogens are suggested only after menopause

  • Minoxidil is given as a topical solution, injectable mesotherapy or in pill form.

  • Dutasteride (Antiandrogen) is given injectable or in gel form

  • In about 3 months results of the treatment begin to become apparent

  • When the thinning is high and there are gaps in the hair growth the solution is FUE hair transplantation

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Androgenetic alopecia

Its characteristics in men and women

Androgenetic alopecia is a form of hair loss that develops progressively. Although it can affect both sexes, in men it is more likely to lead to extensive baldness while this is rarely the case in women.

In men, androgenetic alopecia begins thinning of the hairline, the frontal “M” shaped hairline, and the temples, with hair loss gradually spreading throughout the head, excluding the parietal and occipital regions.

In women, the condition often causes thinning of hair throughout the scalp, particularly at the top, while the hairline does not recede.

If the only definitive treatment for androgenetic alopecia is hair transplantation, there are many conservative treatments that can slow or stop hair loss and enhance hair growth.

What you need to know

Androgenetic alopecia

Seek timely medical advice

Regardless of gender, the symptoms of androgenetic alopecia usually progress slowly and may be accompanied by itching or burning sensation on the scalp. It is important to note that not all hair loss is due to androgenetic alopecia and that other medical conditions or factors can cause hair loss. Therefore, it is important to seek evaluation by a medical doctor who specializes in hair loss to determine the underlying cause of hair loss and appropriate treatment options.

Symptoms in men

In men, the first sign of androgenetic alopecia is often a receding hairline that slowly progresses to a horseshoe-shaped pattern of hair loss at the top of the scalp. This pattern is caused by the shrinkage of hair follicles, resulting in hair loss.

Men may also experience thinning of the hair at the top, which will eventually merge with the receding frontal hairline, resulting in the extension of the alopecia.

Symptoms in women

In women, androgenetic alopecia usually causes diffuse thinning of the hair on the scalp, which is most noticeable at the top of the head. Unlike in men, hair loss in women does not usually result in total alopecia, but may result in widening of the parting or visible thinning of hair when it is pulled back. Women may also notice increased hair shedding when shampooing or brushing.

Treatment options – Effectiveness

Before you decide

  • Do research before you decide on the treatment and the clinic

    These treatments are great options for those who wish to treat their hair loss. However, it is important to note that not all treatments work for everyone and some may experience side effects. Therefore, it is necessary to consult with a hair loss specialist physician to determine a personalized treatment plan that will have the best results for you.

  • Why contact us

    Androgenetic alopecia is a common condition that affects both men and women over time. The disease can negatively affect mental health. Contact us as soon as you notice signs of the disease, especially if it causes you anxiety or depression. There are medications and treatments available that can stop or reverse it, whatever stage it is at.

How is the diagnosis of hair loss made