Eczema - Dermatitis

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Eczema - Dermatitis

Eczema or dermatitis is one of the most common, non-contagious dermatological conditions, with the most common symptoms being swelling, redness, itching and scaling of the skin.

Eczema – Dermatitis


The treatment of dermatitis and eczema, as Dermatologist – Venereologist Dr. Amalia Tsiatoura emphasizes, aims to remove the factors that aggravate the symptoms of the disease and relieve the person from the burning or itching sensation.

Unfortunately, eczema is a chronic disease, so it requires constant monitoring and treatment in order to alleviate the symptoms of the disease. Hydration is the alpha and omega in controlling eczema, as keeping the skin hydrated reduces itching and thus prevents further spreading of the condition.

If diagnosed beforehand by a dermatologist and the appropriate treatment and medication is applied, eczema can be controlled satisfactorily and remain in remission for a long period of time. The recommended methods depending on the type of eczema and dermatitis are as follows:

  • Topical Corticosteroid preparations (creams): first-line treatment, mainly for allergic contact dermatitis. Depending on the extent of the dermatitis, a formulation with mild, moderate or strong action is recommended.
  • Systemic Steroid oral or injectable – in severe cases
  • Topical Immunomodulatory – most commonly in cases of Atopic Dermatitis
  • Avoidance of contact with the allergenic agent

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Eczema – Dermatitis


Morphologically and histopathologically eczema presents in three forms:

  • Acid eczema: where the picture of spongiosis and the formation of intraepidermal bubbles predominate. There is marked redness, swelling and pain or itching.
  • Subacute eczema: where spongiosis is reduced and acanthosis and epidermal parakeratosis are increased.
  • Chronic eczema: where there is lichenification, hyperkeratosis, parakeratosis and acanthosis.

In more rare cases, particular clinical manifestations are observed, such as:

  • Hair disorders
  • Skin fold disorders
  • Herpetic eczema
  • Photosensitivity