Dermatologist – Venereologist Dr. Amalia Tsiatoura explains “Sweating is the natural way of regulating the temperature of our body when it is exposed to high temperatures, in conditions of stress, fear or anger and during physical exercise. However, when the frequency and quantity of sweat produced is beyond the normal level required for thermoregulation and such that it has psychological, social and professional consequences on the person’s daily life, then we are talking about the phenomenon of hyperhidrosis, which today, thanks to the methods of modern Aesthetic Medicine, we can successfully treat it”.
Dermatologist – Venereologist Dr. Amalia Tsiatoura emphasizes that although hyperhidrosis is not a disease threatening to the patient, its treatment is of great importance for the patient’s quality of life. There are many different methods of hyperhidrosis treatment. The use of deodorant products and antiperspirants have particularly poor results. Iontophoresis – mainly for the treatment of focal Hyperhidrosis in the palms and soles – and the invasive neurosurgical method of thoracoscopic sympathectomy are avoided as the former is not as effective, while the latter is a painful, heavy procedure and has a number of side effects.
Surgical removal of sweat glands can lead to unsightly scarring and quite serious complications. Furthermore, quite widespread is the treatment of hyperhidrosis with homeopathic medicines. Homeopathy, in general, is based on fighting a disease by causing the same symptoms. However, treating hyperhidrosis with homeopathy has not been proven to have positive results.
To choose the most effective treatment, depending on the needs of each individual, it is recommended to visit a Dermatologist. At Cosmetic Derma Medicine, the specialized, in hyperhidrosis, Dermatologists can determine the intensity and severity of the disease and recommend the most appropriate treatment for the problem.
Before – After Results
The results of Hyperhidrosis Treatment depend on the nature of the pathological condition and the method chosen to treat it. In any case, the patient is relieved of chronic and annoying excessive sweating without interfering with the body’s essential, normal process of sweating.
Areas of Application
The most appropriate methods of Hyperhidrosis Treatment that ensure excellent results with the least possible side effects are:
The Neurotoxin Hyperhidrosis Treatment, used in cases of excessive sweat secretion in the palms, armpits and soles.
Smartlipo Laser Hyperhidrosis Treatment
Smartlipo Laser Hyperhidrosis Treatment, used in cases of axillary hyperhidrosis.
In order to choose the most effective treatment according to the needs of each patient, it is recommended to visit a Dermatologist. At Cosmetic Derma Medicine, our hyperhidrosis specialists, Medical Dermatologists can determine the intensity and severity of the disease and recommend the most appropriate method of treatment.
What is hyperhidrosis?
Sweat is secreted by the sweat glands. The function of the sweat glands is largely influenced by hormonal factors and sweat secretion is controlled by the Autonomic Nervous System (ANS). Sweat secretion occurs in situations of high environmental conditions in order to maintain normal body temperature. Furthermore, sweating occurs in cases of high fever, when the body is trying to fight inflammation. The secretion of sweat is used to excrete various substances from the body, such as water, minerals, fatty acids, etc.
Hyperhidrosis refers to excessive production of sweat, above the normal amount required for thermoregulation of the body. Hyperhidrosis usually first appears during childhood or during adolescence. Although the phenomenon of excessive sweating can occur on any part of the body, it is most commonly found on the palms, soles and armpits.
According to the Dermatologist – Venereologist Dr. Amalia Tsiatoura, it is very important to distinguish between primary and secondary hyperhidrosis. Hyperhidrosis can be idiopathic, i.e. it does not have an exact cause, or it can be due to other diseases, such as metabolic disorders, fever or some therapeutic treatment, in which case it is called secondary hyperhidrosis. In primary hyperhidrosis, while the function of the sweat glands is normal, sweat excretion can be up to 20 times more than in a person without hyperhidrosis. As mentioned above, excessive sweat secretion is not due to morphological abnormalities of the sweat glands, but is associated with a dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system controlling the function of the sweat glands.
Hyperhidrosis has also gained the title of ‘silent disability’ because of the significant impact it has on the social life of the individual.
At Cosmetic Derma Medicine we apply the most appropriate methods of Hyperhidrosis Treatment, achieving excellent results against the abnormal sweat secretion responsible for the feeling of embarrassment and low self-esteem felt by most patients suffering from the disease.
What types of Hyperhidrosis exist?
Hyperhidrosis is divided into the following types:
- Primary Hyperhidrosis:
It is due to hyperactivity of the sympathetic nervous system and may be associated with genetic predisposition and heredity. It has been shown that almost 40% of people with hyperhidrosis have a family history of hyperhidrosis. It usually starts in childhood – adolescence and can be aggravated in stressful situations.
Additional features of the disease are the symmetrical and bilateral location of sweating, the frequency of occurrence of more than once a week and its regression during sleep.
Primary hyperhidrosis is usually focal, i.e. it occurs in specific areas of the body. The onset of symptoms of primary hyperhidrosis is usually symmetrical. This means that it may not appear on one palm, or on one sole, but it appears bilaterally, i.e. it will affect both palms. Primary hyperhidrosis has an incidence of 2-3% in the population and occurs in both men and women. Characteristics of primary hyperhidrosis are:
- Symmetric and bilateral location
- At least one episode per week
- At least one occurrence per month and at least one month of sleep
- Positive family history
- Secondary hyperhidrosis:
he disease is not hereditary, usually occurs after the 25th year of the individual’s age, and is indicative of an underlying systemic disease due to endocrine, metabolic or other disorders (thyrotoxicosis, diabetes mellitus, hypoglycaemia, menopause, neoplasms and paraneoplastic manifestations such as Hodgkin’s disease, myeloproliferative diseases, infections, cardiovascular events, antidepressants). Often, secondary hyperhidrosis is due to high consumption of alcohol, nicotine and caffeine. Often there is universal Hyperhidrosis all over the body even during the night. Characteristics of secondary hyperhidrosis:
- Absence of family history
- Presence of hyperhidrosis during night
- Generalised hyperhidrosis over the whole body
Also, depending on its location, hyperhidrosis can be classified as:
- Focal Hyperhidrosis:
t is mainly Primary and is usually located on the palms, armpits, feet, face, back and chest. The incidence rate in the palms and soles is 60%, while in the axillae the rate is lower and reaches 40%. Focal facial hyperhidrosis is less common with an incidence rate of less than 10%.
The quantification of focal hyperhidrosis is more than 50 mg of sweat per minute from the axillary region and more than 30 mg per minute from the palms.
- Generalized Hyperhidrosis:
Secondary Hyperhidrosis is usually generalized and occurs throughout the body. The causes of generalized hyperhidrosis are varied and include:
- Cardiopulmonary problems
- Infectious diseases such as tuberculosis, HIV
- Carcinoid syndrome
- Neoplastic haematological diseases
How is hyperhidrosis diagnosed?
The diagnosis of hyperhidrosis is very important for its further treatment as the Dermatologist – Venereologist Dr. Amalia Tsiatoura emphasizes. It is usually done clinically and by taking the patient’s medical history. Important help is provided by the starch – iodine test. This is a test performed in both limb and axillary hyperhidrosis in which a 5% iodine solution is placed in the area to be examined and then starch in powder form. The areas of intense sweating are stained black and the problem area is thus accurately mapped.
The starch-iodine test is a test that helps us to diagnose the disease and to assess the severity of hyperhidrosis of the hands, feet and armpits. It is an important diagnostic test and helps us to plan the treatment plan for each case.
What are the symptoms of hyperhidrosis?
Hyperhidrosis causes several significant problems for those who suffer from it. It causes serious social and psychological problems. Excessive sweat secretion in the armpit makes people feel embarrassed and limits them as to the clothing they can wear. At the same time, patients with palmar hyperhidrosis or hand hyperhidrosis feel quite self-conscious when shaking hands and often have difficulty holding objects or performing simple tasks with their hands, such as using a computer. Hyperhidrosis of feet or legs can lead not only to odour but also to an increased likelihood of developing fungal infections in the lower limbs. In general, in addition to the practical problems caused, hyperhidrosis of the extremities (palms and feet) has a serious psychological impact on the patient and has a significant effect on the social, professional and personal life of these people, who often become isolated and depressed as a result of this problem. In addition to the impact on the social life and self-confidence of the individual, hyperhidrosis of the limbs and armpits causes dehydration and creates an increased risk of skin infections. In particular, patients with hyperhidrosis are much more likely to develop serious dermatological diseases, such as psoriasis (especially inverted axillary psoriasis for which primary axillary hyperhidrosis is a triggering factor), dysautonomia eczema, fungal infections and atopic dermatitis.
In addition to hand, foot and axillary hyperhidrosis, focal primary hyperhidrosis may also occur less frequently on the face, most commonly on the upper lip and forehead, causing embarrassment to the sufferers.
A more serious form of hyperhidrosis is the Secondary Hyperhidrosis, because in this case there is a risk that a more serious disease, such as an infection, hormonal imbalance or malignancy, may be underlying it. The symptoms of secondary hyperhidrosis are characterized by generalized excessive sweating throughout the body and may be accompanied by symptoms of the underlying disease that causes it. Especially patients who sweat excessively during the night should be examined by a specialist as this secondary hyperhidrosis may indicate more serious problems.
What precedes Hyperhidrosis Treatment?
Hyperhidrosis Treatment is preceded by mapping the area with the starch-iodine test (Minor test). This is a qualitative assessment of Hyperhidrosis in which a 5% iodine solution is first applied to the problem area followed by the application of starch in powder form. After 5 minutes, the areas of excessive sweating show a dark violet to black colour and are visually assessed. Quantification of hyperhidrosis is performed by using and weighing a special absorbent paper (mg of sweat/5 minutes/area).
How does the Smartlipo Laser Hyperhidrosis Treatment work?
Laser Smartlipo (ND-Yag laser) is the most modern method for the treatment of axillary hyperhidrosis. After the starch-iodine diagnostic test and the local anesthesia administration, the laser’s optical fiber is inserted under the epidermis. There, the specific wavelength of the Smartlipo Laser is selectively absorbed by the subcutaneous tissue of the armpit, inactivating the sweat glands of the armpit without affecting the surrounding tissues.
The procedure is simple, painless and guarantees permanent treatment of axillary hyperhidrosis, with efficacy rates of up to 85%. Hyperhidrosis Treatment must be performed by a Dermatologist and may require 1 to 2 sessions, lasting 40 minutes, to complete. It is the ideal treatment for those who want a permanent sweat reduction effect.
What are the advantages of Hyperhidrosis Treatment with ND-Yag Laser?
- While there is no other method with permanent results, ND-Yag Laser leads to a permanent reduction of hyperhidrosis in the armpit area.
- It is completely safe as it is performed under local anesthesia in a doctor’s office setting. There is no need for hospital admission and the patient does not experience the discomfort of surgery under general anesthesia or intoxication.
- The patient returns to his/her activities shortly after the treatment, as it does not require recovery time.
- It is a painless, minimally invasive procedure.
How is Hyperhidrosis Treatment with Neurotoxin applied?
Neurotoxin injections are the most ideal and effective method of treating palmar Hyperhidrosis and Hyperhidrosis of the feet, as well as excessive sweating of other areas, such as Hyperhidrosis of the face and armpits. Prior to treatment, Hyperhidrosis is diagnosed with the starch-iodine test and then small injections of Neurotoxin are administered intradermally to the problematic area. The effectiveness of the method reaches 95%, ensuring complete remission of sweating.
The method is simple, completely safe and the results against Hyperhidrosis last about 6 months, and a more prolonged effect has been observed after several applications. In palmar hyperhidrosis the duration of the treatment action ranges from 5 to 8 months. It has been observed that after repeated applications of neurotoxin for the treatment of hyperhidrosis the effect may be prolonged and may reach up to 12 months.
What are the advantages of Neurotoxin Hyperhidrosis Treatments?
- It is a non-invasive, well-tolerated and bloodless method.
- It is completely safe, as botulinum toxin is being used for over 30 years in medicine, with no long-term undesirable side effects.
- It is a very quick procedure and the patient can return to activities and work immediately.
- It requires no recovery time.
- It can lead to up to 95% reduction in hyperhidrosis.
What are the side effects of the Smartlipo Laser for Hyperhidrosis Treatment?
The Smartlipo Laser application for Hyperhidrosis Treatment is an extremely simple and short procedure. With the application of the ND-Yag laser by Cosmetic Derma Medicine’s experienced Dermatologists and Plastic Surgeons, specialized in the anatomy of the axillary region, the possibility of side effects is minimized, offering a permanent solution to hyperhidrosis.
Any possible side effects of treating hyperhidrosis with the Smartlipo laser include the appearance of ecchymosis and minor hypersensitivity of the area that resolves a few days after treatment, and mild tenderness upon pressure for a few days after treatment.
However, the method is completely safe, it is performed in the doctor’s office and the patient can return to his/her activities immediately afterwards.
Are there any contraindications for Smartlipo Laser Hyperhidrosis Treatment?
Hyperhidrosis treatment with Laser Smartlipo is a completely safe procedure. It is recommended not to be performed on pregnant or breastfeeding women, as well as on severely ill patients with cardiac or respiratory problems.
Why should I choose Cosmetic Derma Medicine for Hyperhidrosis Treatment?
Cosmetic Derma Medicine Medical Group is the largest and most specialized medical group in the field of Dermatology and Plastic Surgery, with clinics in Greece and Cyprus. Cosmetic Derma Medicine was the first to introduce the Smartlipo Laser in Greece, while Dr. Amalia Tsiatoura was the first to apply it for the treatment of hyperhidrosis. The treatment has been applied in our clinic for more than 10 years, while we have hundreds of successful cases to date and our clinic is a training center on this method with workshops organized every year, attracting doctors from Greece and abroad.
In the case of the treatment of hyperhidrosis with botulinum toxin, the solution that are used have CE certification and are approved by the American Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
The Medical Director of Cosmetic Derma Medicine is the Dermatologist – Venereologist Dr. Amalia Tsiatoura, while the staff consists of a medical team of highly experienced and specialized doctors of many different specialties, as well as a fully trained team of nurses. Our team is at your side every day, 24/7 for whatever you need.