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warts

Warts

Warts are benign growths (hyperplasias) of the skin which are caused by the Human Papilloma Virus-HPV. More than 70 HPV types have been implicated for the development of these lesions.

Although warts constitute a benign condition, they may be a cause for concern to patients as they can cause pain, they may bleed or even hamper walking, if their site of localization is on the feet.

Warts are the second most common skin disease following acne. Children and young people are being affected by warts more often, due to the immature immune system of these individuals, although their occurrence at any age cannot be excluded, especially on the hands, feet and face.

The transmission of warts is being performed by simple contact with contaminated people or objects, often at sites which present small lyses of the continuity of the skin, abrasions or other minor injuries, while they can be spread to other parts of the body, following contact with the infected area.

Depending on their clinical presentation, warts are divided into the following categories:

  • Common warts (Verruca vulgaris)Round or irregular in shape, flat or raised with white, grey or brown color
  • Flat (plane) warts (Verruca vulgaris)Slightly raised or flat with a smooth surface and light-brown or grey-yellow color
  • Papular warts
  • Filiform or Digitate warts

 

Additionally, depending on their location, warts can be categorized as:

  • Plantar warts
  • Palmer or Periungual warts
  • Facial warts
  • Genital warts or Condylomata (Condyloma acuminatum)

 

Wart diagnosis should be made exclusively by a Dermatologist via clinical examination and visual inspection. In rare cases, for the confirmation of diagnosis a biopsy may be needed, mainly if the clinical picture resembles epitheliomas or skin carcinomas in adults.

 

At Cosmetic Derma Medicine, we provide our patients with the following wart treatments, according to their form, site of localization and age of the patient:

  • CO2 Laser Treatment – The most effective method
  • Cryotherapy
  • Diathermy Coagulation
  • Topical use of caustic substances
  • Topical use of retinoids
  • Surgical excision

At Cosmetic Derma Medicine, the highest success rates in treating warts are achieved by CO2 Laser treatment that completely destroys the lesion, even in a single session, with the lowest rates of recurrence.

The advantages of CO2 Laser treatment are the following:

  • Atraumatic & non-invasive method
  • It leaves no scars or marks behind
  • It targets the wart tissue leaving intact the surrounding healthy skin
  • It penetrates to the deeper “roots” of the wart and destroys it
  • Only 1 session may be required to achieve eradication and the patient leaves the clinic being cured
  • It is associated with the lower recurrence rate in comparison to other methods

As the virus is highly contagious, compliance with these specific rules is necessary for prevention:

  • Frequent hand washing
  • Avoid walking around swimming pools and on sand with bare feet
  • Contaminated individuals should avoid using public swimming pools until cure is achieved
  • Use of personal towels and objects
  • Warts treatment immediately after their occurrence in order to prevent autoinoculation and transmission of the infection to others

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