An ingrown toenail is a very common, painful condition of the toe that occurs when the sides or corner of the toenail dig into the skin at the end or side of the toe. It involves inflammation of the nail, which is accompanied by pain, local edema, redness of the skin, and quite often drainage of pus or serous fluid.
Treatment is initially conservative, which includes antibiotic treatment and topical antiseptic care. More specifically:
If no improvement is seen within a few days, then a re-evaluation of the condition by a Surgeon is needed. If, conservative treatment does not work, there are continuous relapses or the patient comes to the Surgeon with second or third stage symptoms, then surgical approach is the only and appropriate treatment.
Usually, the conservative treatment helps significantly in controlling local inflammation, but does not actually solve the problem. However, it does have a palliative effect.