The use of objects previously used by infected individuals, as well as shared facilities such as changing rooms, swimming pools and public showers, are the main sources of transmission of the disease.
High temperature, skin humidity, poorly ventilated environment and poor foot hygiene are factors that accelerate the development of fungal infections.
Onychomycosis or nail mycosis accounts for 50% of nail diseases and can affect both men and women, and rarely affects children. Men suffer more often from nail fungus than women.
Toenails are most commonly affected and toenails are less commonly affected and hand nails are less commonly affected. 30% of patients with onychomycosis also have some form of fungal infection on their skin.
In general, the incidence of the disease has increased in recent years and this is due to factors such as diabetes mellitus, immunosuppression, and the increase in the average life expectancy.
It is worth mentioning that the disease is 30 times more common in adults than in people under the age of 18, in whom the incidence is only 2.6%, while in the elderly it is 90%.
The Nd-YAG Laser, due to its specific wavelength and its penetrating power, has the ability to treat the fungus under the nail without causing damage to both its surface and the skin around it (perianth).
The treatment is painless, safe and is performed without local anesthesia, has no restrictions regarding the patient's age, gender, skin colour and other medical history, and the patient can return to his/her normal activities immediately after the treatment.
The duration of the treatment is 15-20 minutes and includes all the nails, not just the visibly affected ones, and usually 6-8 sessions are carried out, with an interval of 20-30 days. The treatment is considered successful when the new nail that grows is healthy and the new nail culture taken at the end of the treatment is negative.