A hemangioma can sometimes resemble a simple redness or an injury, so that it is not given the necessary attention. For this reason, it is particularly important to pay attention to such signs. Especially the parents, should check the body of the young child and contact the dermatologist if they see any worrying sign.
Hemangiomas can occur in many forms. They can occur superficially or in deeper layers. They can also occur in isolation or as a result of another condition. If it occurs near the surface of the skin then it is called a "superficial hemangioma". These hemangiomas are often red in color and have an uneven surface. Hemangiomas in the deeper layers are more difficult to find and are called 'deep hemangiomas'. They are usually blue in color and have a smoother surface than superficial ones.
There are also cases in which the hemangioma is large enough in size to cause an unsightly effect, leading to socialization problems. An example is the existence of a hemangioma on the upper lip, a particularly prominent point and extremely important for the person's self-confidence. In fact, there are cases of hemangioma occurring in the nose area, which can lead to serious respiratory problems or even visual problems if they spread. In rarer cases, the hemangioma may appear in the groin, developing inflammation and causing pain to the person who develops it.
Hemangiomas are treated in the following ways:
In their general form, hemangiomas are a group of non-functioning blood vessels in the skin. They originate from cells which, when they proliferate normally, form normal blood vessels. However, when there is an intense and uncontrolled proliferation of these cells, the formation of hemangiomas is caused.
Often, hemangioma is confused with hematoma, but this is different from hemangioma as it involves the accumulation of blood at a point outside the blood vessel and usually within a tissue.
The advantages of Laser treatment are as follows:
If necessary, the CO2 Laser, the Sclerotherapy method or even the surgical excision of hemangiomas may be used.
Hemangiomas mainly appear during infancy, shortly after birth, and they increase strongly during the first 6-10 months of the baby's life (growth phase). The incidence of hemangiomas is higher in babies born prematurely and is more common in girls, especially those with fair skin color. Sometimes hemangiomas disappear on their own and disappear completely during childhood (regression phase). Hemangiomas usually increase in size in the first 10 months when they are superficial, while deep hemangiomas continue to increase in size for up to 18 months.
Hemangiomas can occur anywhere in the body, but it has been shown that 60% of hemangiomas occur in the head region, while 25% of cases have been recorded in the trunk. In females, the highest number of hemangiomas is found in the neck.
Although, as mentioned above, sometimes hemangiomas disappear on their own, there are times when their removal is necessary. As the hemangiomas are located on the surface of the skin, a simple friction (e.g. from clothing) can cause them to bleed. This, combined with the possible hearing, vision and skeletal deformity problems they can cause, makes it necessary to treat them. At the same time, the sense of difference on the part of the child once he or she realizes that there is something strange about his or her skin can cause the child serious psychological problems and lead to marginalization.
Even in cases of hemangioma occurring in adulthood (mainly due to heredity), it is recommended to remove it as if it bleeds frequently, there is a risk of infection.
The most common types of hemangiomas are the following:
Quite a determining factor for the appearance of goiter in people with a genetic predisposition is prolonged standing, long hours of sitting, as well as excess weight or lack of exercise. In the lower limbs, varicose veins are often the result of venous insufficiency and are often combined with the presence of varicose veins. Varicose veins are a sign of poor blood circulation.
There are cases where the hemangiomas are not in obvious places, so that they are not detected until during another, random examination. This is particularly true in the case of a hemangioma in the liver. The vast majority of hemangiomas of this type do not show any symptoms, but this should not be a cause for concern, because in most cases they do not require removal and are completely harmless.
In many cases, the appearance of hemangiomas may even resemble that of skin cancer. However, they should never be confused, as skin cancer is a malignant tumor, while hemangiomas are benign and relatively harmless.
The number of sessions depends on the extent, depth of the lesion and the age of the patient. Most resistant to treatments are hemangiomas that are mainly located in the facial area. Usually, 7-9 sessions are required at least 1 month apart.
Laser treatments are basically painless and the patient only feels a slight sting. However, in cases of extensive hemangioma in the facial area, local anesthesia is recommended.
No hospitalization or recovery time is required, as the patient can return to daily activities immediately.
Pulsed Dye Laser treatment is indicated for young children and is quite effective as it requires a smaller number of sessions. In fact, it is even better to start the treatment at a young age, when the skin is thinner and there is not a large extent of hemangioma, so that almost 100% removal of hemangioma can be achieved.
The main advantages of Laser treatment are that it leaves no scars, particularly important as it does not allow foreign substances to enter the body. It is also extremely painless, as no local anesthesia or other analgesic is required. In addition, the individual can immediately return to daily activities without any side effects or pain.
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