Herpes in the mouth, or oral herpes, usually manifests itself as blisters and small ulcers on the skin or lips. Although, as its name suggests, it most commonly occurs on the lips, in many cases it can also occur around the lips, within the oral cavity, or on the nose, chin and fingers.
Once the person is infected with the virus, it may remain dormant in the tissues of the facial nerves and ganglia and may be activated from time to time. It is a very common condition and usually disappears on its own within 10 days. Until it disappears on its own, it is infectious and often quite painful. It has been shown that more than 85% of people aged up to 23 years are carriers of the virus.
The symptoms of Herpes Zoster are divided into mild or severe. Although in the majority of cases it is a mild disease, special attention should be paid to hygiene issues in order to avoid contamination and transmission of the virus to another part of the body.
Before the appearance of the rash at the site where the virus has been inoculated, there may be a feeling of itching, stinging, burning or itching. Several times, the person may suffer from fever, sore throat or painful swallowing.
The most common symptoms of herpes zoster are as follows:
The following may be used to treat herpes simplex:
Treatment with cream or anti-inflammatories is not a permanent treatment for herpes simplex. In addition, the use of topical antiviral creams has not been shown to be particularly effective in eliminating the virus.
The use of oral antiviral drugs is effective only if administered in time (within the 1st to 3rd 24-hour period), but does not lead to elimination of the virus. They are usually administered for 5 days and reduce the symptoms leading to a rapid cure of the episode. Antiviral drugs work by slowing down the multiplication of herpes and reducing the incidence of herpes.
Laser treatment has been described and tested and is particularly effective, especially in people who have frequent herpes outbreaks (more than 6 times a year). In people with frequent recurrences, oral antiviral treatment may be required for at least 6 months.
Finally, several alternative and homeopathic treatments have been proposed to combat herpes. Examples include: consumption of certain foods such as dairy products, herbal therapy - use of bee balm, and homeopathic treatment using the calendula plant. However, none of these practices are a true cure for the herpes simplex virus. They may soothe the painful and unsightly symptoms for a short time, but they do not provide effective eradication of the virus.
The herpes virus is found in large quantities in the secretions of the human body such as saliva and genital secretions. The contact of an even slightly injured skin with these secretions leads to the entry of the virus at this site and its multiplication, resulting in the appearance of the classic lesions. The time between contact with the virus and the onset of symptoms is 4-5 days. The lesions then escape but the virus migrates to the sensory ganglia of the neurons or to the lymphatic tissue and once the body's defenses are reduced, it multiplies, causing relapses.
Usually, when the first contact with the herpes virus is made at a young age, it is too mild to be noticed. However, in 20-30% of people who become infected at a young age as well as older patients, the first contact with the virus occurs in a severe form called Herpetic Gingivostomatitis. These individuals develop precursor symptoms such as fever, chills and bilateral epigastric lymphadenopathy. Clinically, erosion of the gums (exfoliative gingivitis) and friable bubbles in the oral mucosa occur, making eating and drinking a difficult and painful process.
The symptoms of herpes simplex are divided into mild or severe. Although in the majority of cases it is a mild disease, special attention should be paid to hygiene issues to avoid contamination and transmission of the virus to another part of the body. Before the appearance of the rash at the site where the virus has been inoculated, there may be a feeling of itching, stinging, burning or itching. Several times, the person may suffer from fever, sore throat or painful swallowing. Then, the main symptom that appears, usually within the next 24 to 48 hours, is one or more bubbles of clear fluid on an erythematous base in the lip area. The bubbles break off to form a vesicle and healing occurs after a cycle of 5-6 days. In some cases, herpes zoster is particularly severe and harmful, especially in cases where there is contamination and spread to the eyes leading to herpetic keratitis, which can even affect vision.
Medication cannot lead to the elimination of the virus. In the case of frequent recurrences of herpes simplex (more than 6 episodes per year), prophylactic suppressive treatment with antiviral drugs, but at a lower dose, is recommended for a long period of time (6-12 months).
Treatment should be administered within 48-72 hours of the onset of precursor symptoms to stop viral replication and reduce the severity of the episode.
If you are diagnosed with a herpes simplex virus infection and you develop the characteristic blisters, you should under no circumstances try to break them. If you break them, then you may lead to the transmission of virus to your fingers and then to other areas you touch.
At the same time, as we know, fingers are a source of infections, so it is very likely that the area of the herpes infection will be contaminated with other harmful germs. Rubbing and injuring the area should be avoided. It is recommended that women should avoid smoking and drinking alcohol and should avoid using make-up products at and around the site of infection.
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