Vaginitis is one of the most common conditions that would cause discomfort in most women at some point in their lives. Vaginitis is the inflammation of the vagina that is usually caused by an infection. It usually occurs when the pH of the vagina is disturbed from various causes. Such causes include pregnancy, stress, menopause, the use of tight clothing and non specific soaps for cleansing of the sensitive area. Antibiotic intake can also disrupt the normal flora of the vagina resulting in vaginitis. It manifests with continuous vaginal discharge (fluid secretion from the vagina) accompanied by burning sensation and itching.
However, an imbalance in normal flora leads to infections with characteristic symptoms of vaginitis that include:irritation and itching in the vagina and vulva vaginal wall redness thick white discharge from the vagina with or without blood admixture Characteristic vaginal odor
Next in frequency are the following:Mycoplasma (Mycoplasma hominis) Chlamydia Viruses (e.g., HPV and HSV-2) Atrophic vaginitis (e.g., at menopause)
Diagnosis is achieved by vaginal wet mount microscopy and culture of vaginal discharge that leads to isolation of the fungus.
Treatment includes the administration of antifungal agents such as intravaginal clotrimazole administration and oral administration of fluconazole. In cases of complicated candida vaginitis, i.e., frequent episodes, then treatment should also be administered to the partner using oral antifungal drugs. Several months of suppressive treatment with antifungal drugs may also be needed.
Diagnosis relies on microscopic examination and culture, and treatment is done with the administration of metronidazole (Flagyl).
Both partners should receive treatment and abstain from sexual intercourse until the end of treatment.
They usually present mild bleeding after sexual intercourse and may experience back pain and abdominal pain. Chlamydia can affect the cervix, the fallopian tubes, the urinary tract and the pelvis. If not treated promptly it can lead to infertility.
The intravaginal use of antiseptics can lead to normal flora imbalance and should be avoided
After using the toilet (defecation) you should wipe from front to rear to avoid vaginal infection by fecal bacteria
Avoid the use of tampons as far as possible
At the beach, after swimming, you should change out of a wet bathing suit, because the moisture that develops favors fungal growth
Never lie down directly on the sand, but use a towel
Prefer cotton underwear and avoid tight-fitting clothing
Enrich your daily diet with yogurt containing probiotics that protects normal flora of the vagina