At the sites where cellulite appears, the connective tissue loses its elasticity and the skin develops an irregular appearance with “dimples” and “bumps” that resembles the so called “orange peel”.
Cellulite is an endogenous change in the cohesion of the skin that mostly occurs in women from puberty and onwards. However, there are many cases of men with cellulite. The main parts of the body where cellulite develops are the thighs, buttocks, abdomen, arms and calves.
It causes no harm to our health, but it is a cosmetic problem that affects negatively the psychology of many women.
However, Asian skin types are also experiencing the same problem. On the contrary, men are affected from cellulite to a lesser degree. Ninety five (95%) percent of women after puberty experience at least grade 1 cellulite.
Cellulite is perhaps the most common cosmetic problem faced by women and this is reflected by the wide range of available treatments and products that promise its disappearance. Most often, cellulite is not caused by the person being overweight or one’s lack of exercise, as it also affects women who take special care of their diet and exercise regularly.
Cellulite and diet
One of the main causes of cellulite is diet. A diet poor in water and rich in saturated fats, carbohydrates, carbonated soft drinks, sugar, alcohol and salt favors body’s dehydration and consequently fluid retention and cellulite.
One should include in his/her diet vegetables, vitamins, mainly vitamin C, plenty of water and reduction of salt intake.
Cellulite and exercise
The lack of physical activity is one of the main factors that cause cellulite. For this reason, cellulite appears very often in women who work at a desk job and remain seated for many hours during the day.
Aerobic exercise, due to the induction of increased fat burning, prevents the appearance of cellulite. Studies have shown that half an hour of walking per day is sufficient to reduce cellulite by 30% within a few weeks.
Cellulite and obesity
It is reasonable for cellulite to be more pronounced in overweight and obese people, as the adipocytes (fat cells) in this group of people are more sizeable, whereas the accumulation and entrapment under the epidermis is higher. However, cellulite is not a disease that occurs only in overweight people. Cellulite occurs equally in women with normal body mass index.
Cellulite and heredity
There is a clear correlation between heredity and the occurrence of cellulite. The degree, however, of the environment’s effect on our genes has not been clarified yet. Heredity plays a role in the development of cellulite and thus, is more likely for one person to have cellulite if the mother was also affected.
Cellulite and hormonal factors
The hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy and menopause affect the development of cellulite. Moreover, the use of contraceptives often results in fluid retention, increase of body weight and cellulite. Furthermore, men with hormonal disorders, such as reduced secretion of testosterone or men who receive antiandrogens (e.g., for the treatment of prostate cancer), may develop cellulite.
Cellulite and smoking
Women who smoke are more likely to have cellulite.
Cellulite and lymphatic circulation
In blood and lymphatic circulation disorders the development of cellulite is frequent. So if there are varicose veins, spider veins and swollen feet, a triplex examination by a vascular surgeon should precede the treatment of cellulite. Exercise improves blood and lymphatic flow.
Grade 0: The woman’s skin is smooth upon standing up and lying down. Upon pinching the skin the woman only sees folds.
Grade 1: The woman’s skin is smooth upon standing up and lying down, but when pressed, small “bumps” appear, i.e., cellulite.
Grade 2: When the woman is lying down, the skin is smooth, but when she is standing up it resembles the orange peel.
Grade 3: Cellulite is visible at each position, regardless of the pressure applied.
Cellulite is usually asymptomatic. Some report that in cases of rapid weight gain, symptoms of pruritus and pain occur accompanied by the development of cellulite.
How is cellulite treated?
By controlling the factors that cause cellulite, it is possible to limit its development. A balanced diet, drinking plenty of fluids and limiting alcohol consumption can considerably help us. Furthermore, regular physical exercise also helps.
In many women, however, the problem of cellulite persists even if they lose weight and exercise regularly. If you belong to this category, aesthetic dermatology can help you get rid of cellulite permanently in a absolutely safe manner.
Cosmetic Derma Medicine applies the latest treatments against cellulite. Depending on the extent of the problem and the site of localization, our center’s specialized dermatologists will suggest the appropriate treatment for your case.
The cellulite treatments offered in our clinic are: