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Burns consist in the destruction of skin tissue due to the impact of a harmful event. The extent of damage depends on the intensity of heat and duration of exposure to it.
Depending on their depth, burns are divided into 3 categories:
- First degree: the damage extends only to the upper layer of the skin (eg burns from sunlight)
- Second degree: the damage extends outside of the upper and middle layers of the skin and bubbles appear. Usually with proper treatment they heal within three weeks.
- Third degree: the destruction of the skin in the area is complete.
Another way to distinguish burns are into superficial (corresponding to those of first and second degree) and subdermal (Third degree).
Treatment can be applied in the following types:
- Conservative treatment: Cover of burns with Vaseline gauzes, to protect the wound from infection and pain relief.
- Surgery: Rehabilitation of burns using skin grafts from other parts of the body. It may take several operations to fully restore the damage.