The pore is enlarged resulting in rupture of its wall.
If this rupture occurs near the epidermis, healing does not leave a significant acne scar. If, however, the rupture occurs deep, then the epidermis fills with inflammatory elements and bacteria resulting in the destruction of healthy skin, leaving behind big acne scars. The areas of the body where acne scars occur are basically the face, the back and the chest. Acne marks may also occur at the buttocks.
“Atrophic” scars are of the most common types of acne scars. These scars develop in cases where there is a loss of tissue due to inflammation. There are two types of atrophic acne scars. The “ice pick” acne scars (narrow and deep), which are the most difficult to treat, and “boxcar” acne scars (broad and deep).Hypertrophic acne scars
“Hypertrophic” acne scars, on the other hand, are formed by the excessive tissue production during healing. In order for epidermis to address the lesion, it creates new collagen fibers, a fibrous protein that gives skin firmness and elasticity. Unfortunately, the deposition of collagen in the acne scar is not structured but it is irregular, disrupting the architecture of the skin.
During healing, the body is overproducing collagen which causes the scar to be raised off of the skin. The excessive hypertrophic acne scars are called “keloids”. Keloids are acne scars that project from the skin’s surface and the treatment of those unattractive acne scars is particularly difficult.
Treatment choices for acne scars include:
This treatment aims at exfoliating the skin and softens the appearance of acne scars. It greatly improves discolorations and acne marks. The treatment of acne scars with chemical peels is a very widespread and effective treatment, with only drawback the transient exfoliation of the skin for a few days.
Treating acne scars with dermabrasion aims at exfoliation and removal of dead skin cells, smoothing the skin texture and reducing the depth of the scars. Acne marks fade gradually after repeated treatments.
This laser performs a selective scanning of the entire surface of the skin we wish to repair, causing the induction of collagen production by fibroblasts at the deeper layers of the skin. By using this method skin is regenerated without the bothersome “peeling”. Healing is fast without increased irritation.
The number of sessions required for the treatment of acne scars varies depending on the case. An average of 5‑6 sessions is required at intervals of about 20 days, and each session lasts about 30 minutes. Acne marks gradually fade thanks to the increased collagen production
Treatment of acne scars with stem cells autologous mesotherapy, which in combination with Fractional Laser (Total Plasma Lift) enhances skin regeneration with impressive results.
Treating acne scars can be achieved using either PRP treatment alone or for better results the combination of Fractional laser and PRP. It is considered the leading treatment for acne marks and Cosmetic Derma Medicine is one of the first clinics that applied this method.
Injectable hyaluronic acid “fills” scars and repairs the heterogeneity of the skin. The treatment of acne scars with this method is quite rapid with visible results from the very first time of applicationplants of hyaluronic acid
The areas where treatments are applied are face, back and chest.